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英语四级综合测试专项突破完形
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    In a telephone survey of more than 2,000 adults,21% said they believed the sun revolved (旋转)around the earth. An 71 7% did not know which revolved around 72. I have no doubt that 73 all of these people were 74 in school that the earth revolves around the sun; 75 may even have written it 76 at test. But they never 77 their incorrect mental models of planetary (行星的) 78 because their every day observations didn’t support 79 their teachers told them: People see the sun moving 80 the sky as morning turns to night,and the earth seems stationary (静止的) 81 that is happening. Students can learn the right answers 82 heart in class,and yet never combined them 83 their working models of the world. The objectively correct answer the professor accepts and the 84 personal understanding of the world can 85 side by side,each unaffected by the other.

  Outside of class,the student continues to use the 86 model because it has always worked well 87 that circumstance. Unless professors address 88 errors in students’ personal models of the world,students are not 89 to replace them with the 90 one.

  71.A.excessive B. extraC. additionalD. added

  72.A.what B. whichC. thatD. other

  73.A.virtually B. remarkablyC. ideallyD. preferably

  74.A.learned B. suggestedC. taughtD. advised

  75.A.those B. theseC. whoD. they

  76.A.on B. withC. underD. for

  77.A.formed B. alteredC. believedD. thought

  78.A.operation B. positionC. motionD. location

  79.A.how B. whichC. thatD. what

  80.A.around B. acrossC. onD. above

  81.A.since B. soC. whileD. for

  82.A.to B. byC. inD. with

  83.A.with B. intoC. toD. along

  84.A.adult’s B. teacher’sC. scientist’sD. student’s

  85.A.exist B. occurC. surviveD. maintain

  86.A.private B. individualC. personalD. own

  87.A.in B. withC. onD. for

  88.A.general B. naturalC. similarD. specific

  89.A.obliged B. likelyC. probableD. partial

  90.A.perfectB. betterC. reasonableD. correct

  【答案】:

  71.C72.B73.A74.C75.D76.A77.B78.C79.D80.B

  81.C82.B 83.A84.D85.A86.C87.A88.D89.B90.D

  【答案解析】:

  71.C四个答案都有“额外”的意思,但各有偏重。A重在表达“过量、超过正常的部分”;B是“在一类事物之外的额外部分”;D是“外加的”。因此只有C答案符合本题要求:“另外有7%的人不知道是谁绕着谁转。”

  72.B如上题所述,句中已有which,要表达“不知谁绕着谁转”的意思,只能选B。

  73.A本题考词汇。virtually:实际上地;remarkably:很明显地;ideally:理想地;preferably:更适宜地。从句意来看,只能选A。

  74.C本句意:“实际上,这些人在学校都学过地球绕着太阳转的。”本句谓语用的是被动语态,故答案为C。

  75.D本题考代词。承接上句,此处应为直接代替上句中所提到的人们,所以用they。

  76.A此题考查固定搭配write on(记下,写下)。

  77.B 由句中incorrect mental models一处可获得提示,“不正确的模型应该得到更正”,因此,此题选B答案。form:形成;believe:相信;think:认为。

  78.C此句句意为:“但他们不肯改变脑海里错误的行星运动模式。”据意义判断,只有motion符合句意。选项中position和location都是表示静止位置的词,而行星是在不断运动中的,因此不能选。

  79.D此题为意义和语法结合题。语法上,本题缺少的是宾语从句的引导词,在从句中作宾语,并具有自己的意义。因此,只有D的what才符合题意。

  80.B本题缺少一个介词,本句意为:“人们看到太阳越过天际,因此有了日夜更替。”能和天空搭配,并体现运动感的介词只有B答案:across。

  81.C本题考连词。句意为:“当这一切发生的时候,地球仿佛是静止的。”因此应选C:while。

  82.B本题考固定搭配。by heart意为“用心熟记”;in heart意为“兴高采烈”,其他并无固定搭配选项。故应选B答案。

  83.A此题考的又是固定搭配:combine sth. with sth.(将某物与某物结合起来)。故此选A。

  84.D此题考上下文理解。根据文章意思,教授所提供的正确答案应该是和学生对于世界的个人理解并存。故此处应选D。
85.A如上题所述,表示存在的选项即为A。occur:发生;survive:存活;maintain:维持。

  86.C本题考查文章理解和词汇的用法。在课外,学生仍使用他们自己脑中的模型。A答案强调“私人的”;B答案指“个体的”;D答案前应为形容词性的人称代词;惟有C可以表达主观的“个人想法”之意。故此,选C。

  87.A此题考查介词的固定搭配。能和环境circumstance一词搭配的只有A:in。

  88.D此题考查大家的理解能力。意为:“除非教师指出学生世界观模式中的某个错误,学生是不可能摒弃自己的观点,而认可正确观点的。”由此可知,错误应是具体的,所以选D。

  89.B参照上题,表示“不可能”的词组只有B符合be likely to do的搭配。

  90.D参照88题,与原来错误的模型相反,当然是正确的模型。故答案为D。

  知识点分布情况图

  考查知识点题号

  普通词汇73,77,78,85

  固定搭配76,82,83,89

  语篇理解84,88,90

  词义辨析71,86

  介词80,87

  代词72,75

  被动语态74

  宾语从句79

  连词81

  小结:

  根据表格统计情况,这篇完型填空的词义辨析比前几年少了很多,但考查的普通词汇却增多了。因此,与词汇相关的题目仍占据了30%,其中包括常用词:additional,added,extra,virtually,remarkably,ideally,preferably等等。固定搭配有:by heart,combine ... with ... 和be likely to,其中be likely to是常考搭配。

  此处的介词考查的是across和in的常用搭配。语法部分新增了疑问代词的使用,也从常考的定语从句转移到了宾语从句。

  2001年1月

  For the past two years, I have been working on students’ evaluation of classroom teaching. I have kept a record of informal conversations 71 some 300 students from at 72 twenty one colleges and universities. The students were generally 73 and direct in their comments 74 how course work could be better 75

  Most of their remarks were kindly 76—with tolerance rather than bitterness—and frequently were softened by the 77 that the students were speaking 78 some, not all, instructors. Nevertheless, 79 the following suggestions and comments indicate, students feel 80 with things as they are in the classroom. Professors should be 81 from reading lecture notes. “It makes their 82 monotonous (单调的).”If they are going to read, why not 83 out copies of the lecture? Then we 84 need to go to class. Professors should 85 repeating in lectures material that is in the textbook. 86 we’ve read the material, we want to 87 it or hear it elaborated on, 88 repeated.“A lot of students hate to buy a 89 text that the professor has written 90 to have his lectures repeat it.”

  71.A.involving B. countingC. coveringD. figuring

  72.A.best B. leastC.lengthD. large

  73.A.reserved B. hardworkingC. politeD. frank

  74.A.over B. atC. onD. of

  75.A.presented B. submittedC. describedD. written

  76.A.received B. addressedC. madeD. taken

  77.A.occasion B. truthC. caseD. fact

  78.A.on B. aboutC. atD. with

  79.A.though B. asC. whetherD. if

  80.A.dissatisfied B. unsatisfactoryC. satisfiedD. satisfactory

  81.A.interfered B. interruptedC. discouragedD. disturbed

  82.A.voices B. soundsC. pronunciationD. gestures

  83.A.hold B. leaveC. dropD. give

  84.A.couldn’t B. wouldn’tC. mustn’tD. shouldn’t

  85.A.refuse B. prohibitC. preventD. avoid

  86.A.Once B. UntilC. HoweverD. Unless

  87.A.remember B. argueC. discussD.keep

  88.A.yet B. notC. andD.or

  89.A.desired B. revisedC. requiredD.deserved

  90.A.about B. howC. butD.only
71.A72.B73.D74.C75.A

  76.C77.C78.B79.B80.A

  81.C82.A83.D84.D85.D

  86.A87.C88.B89.C90.D

  【答案解析】:

  71.A此处意为“涉及大约300个学生至少21所高校的非正式谈话”。其他选项的意思分别是:counting(数目是),covering(包括)和figuring(数目是)。

  72.B此题考查固定搭配。at least:固定短语“至少”。

  73.D此题考查上下文理解。此句后文出现了与空缺并列的direct,意思是“直接的”,因此,要选择与此意相近的词。四个选项:A含蓄的 B努力的C.礼貌的 D.坦白的。不难得出,此题选D。

  74.Ccomment on sth. 意为“对……的评价”。

  75.A此题考查词汇和原文理解。present的意思是:to bring to sb’s notice directly,符合题意。

  76.C此题考查固定搭配。make remarks意思指的是:“对……做出评价或评论”。

  77.C此题考查词汇。by the case译为“在……情况下”。原文意思是:“在同学们谈到某些教师时,其评论言辞的犀利程度常常被弱化了。”

  78.B此题考查介词用法。speak about表示“论及;涉及”。

  79.B此处考查上写文衔接。意为“正如以下建议所暗示的……”。

  80.A根据文意,同学们对于课堂的某些方面还是不满意的。这样,可判断C、D不能选。A意思是“不满意的”(人作主语); B意思是“令人不满意的”(物作主语)。

  81.C此处考查词汇。A、B、D意思都与“打扰”相关,只有C的意思是“不鼓励”。这里指,不鼓励教师上课照念教参。

  82.A此题考查相似词汇的细微区别。A.形容人说话的声音;B.声响,声音;C.发音;D.手势。故选A。

  83.D此题考查固定搭配give out,意思是“分发”。

  84.D此处考查情态动词的用法。should可代表有强烈的个人感情色彩,且表将来发生的事情的可能性。而且,从后文中也用了should一词可以判断得出答案。

  85.D此处考查动词的固定搭配。avoid doing sth.意思是:“避免做某事”。

  86.A此处意为“一旦我们读材料,我们希望讨论它或是听到详尽的说明,而不是简单的重复”。

  87.C由于老师重复太多,同学们都很有意见,他们希望能对知识点进行讨论或者听老师的详细阐述。 四个选项的意思分别是:A.记住 ,B.争论,争吵,C.讨论, D.保存。由此可知,答案选C。

  88.B参考86题解释,故选择not。B为答案。

  89.C此题考查词汇。选项的意思是 :A.理想的,B.修改的,C.要求的,D.值得的。同学们厌恶购买的课本当然是老师要求、规定让他们去买的课本了。

  90.D此处意为“仅仅为了……”。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  词义辨析71,75, 77,80,81,82

  固定搭配72,76,83,85

  语篇理解73,87,89,90

  连词79,86,88

  介词74,78

  情态动词84

  小结:

  在这篇完型填空中,词义辨析占30%,依然处于主要地位,主要考查了常用词:involving,present,case,dissatisfied,voice,sound等。固定搭配占20%,分别是:at least(至少),make remarks(演讲,讲话),give out(分发),avoid doing sth.(避免做某事)。连词中as,though等还是常考项。

  明显的语法现象和结构在这篇完型填空当中并没有涉及到。

2001年6月

  More than forty thousand readers told us that they looked for in close friendships, what they expected 61 friends, what they were willing to give in 62, and how satisfied they were 63 the quality of their friendships. The 64 give little comfort to social critics.

  Friendship 65 to be a unique form of 66 bonding. Unlike marriage or the ties that 67 parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by 68. Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 69—as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and 70 organizations—it has its own principle, which is to promote 71 of warmth, trust, love, and affection 72 two people.

  The survey on friendship appeared in the March 73 of Psychology Today. The findings 74 that issues of trust and betrayal(背叛)are 75 to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not 76 for friends only among those who are 77 like them, but find many 78 differ in race, religion, and ethnic(种族的)background. Arguably the most important 79 that emerges from the data, 80, is not something that we found—but what we did not.

  61.A.on B. ofC. toD. for

  62.A.addition B. replyC. turnD. return

  63.A.about B. ofC. withD. by

  64.A.results B. effectsC. expectationsD. consequences

  65.A.feels B. leadsC. soundsD. appears

  66.A.human B. mankindC. individualD. civil

  67.A.bind B. attachC. controlD. attract

  68.A.discipline B. lawC. ruleD. regulation

  69.A.keep B. doC. showD. play

  70.A.all B. anyC. otherD. those

  71.A.friendship B. interestsC. feelingsD. impressions

  72.A.between B. onC. inD. for

  73.A.print B. issueC. publicationD. copy

  74.A.secure B. assureC. confirmD. resolve

  75.A.neutral B. mainC. nuclearD. central

  76.A.ask B. callC. appealD. look

  77.A.most B. moreC. leastD. less

  78.A.people B. whoC. whatD. friends

  79.A.conclusion B. summaryC. decisionD. claim

  80.A.moreover B. howeverC. stillD. yet

  【答案】:

  61.B62.D63.C64.C65.D

  66.C67.A68.B69.D

  70.C

  71.C72.A73.B74.C75.D

  76.D77.A78.B

  79.A80.B

  【答案解析】:

  61.B此题考查介词用法。expect sth. of sth.表示从……上期望获得……。因此,选择of。

  62.D此题考查介词词组固定搭配。in return表示“以……作为回报”。从友谊中索取,自然同时要给予回报。

  63.C此题考查介词用法。介词with有时可表达原因,如:I’m trembling with cold.(我冷得发抖。)这里的用法也是异曲同工。

  64.C此题呼应前文。前文中多次提到人们对于友谊的期望,所以这里也要选择expectation。

  65.D此题考查固定搭配。appear to be表示“似乎”;lead to表示“导致……的结果”,其他几个选项无此搭配。所以,选择appear符合题意。

  66.C此题考查上下文理解。译文为:“友谊似乎是人与人之间相互联系的特殊纽带。”表示个人与个人之间,用individual。

  67.A此题考查词汇。ties能发出的动作是bind(绑定),故选A。其他选项的意思分别是:B附着,联系;C.控制;D.吸引。
68.B此题考查上下文理解。婚姻关系、父母与儿女的关系有一个共同之处:它们都有法律依据,都受到法律保护;而友谊却并非如此。故选law。

  69.D此处考查固定搭配。play the role of表示“扮演……的角色”。因此,选play。

  70.C此题考查上下文理解。作者历数了“市民、职员、职业社团成员”等角色后,还加上“其他的”组织机构。故选C。

  71.C后文提到的warmth(温暖)、trust(信任)、love(爱)和affection(温情)都是feeling(感觉、感受)。因此,选择feelings。

  72.A表示“人与人之间”用between。

  73.B此题考查词义辨析。原文中Psychology指的是一份杂志,作者援用该杂志三月那一期刊登的调查报告来描述友谊。issue指“(杂志或报刊)的期”,故应选此项。

  74.C此题考查词义辨析。四个选项意思分别是:A使……安全;B使确定;C确认;D解决。从文意可判断,选择C。B的用法一般是:assure sb. of sth.或assure sb. that。

  75.D作者通过这个调查发现,对友谊来说,信任和背叛是判定友谊是否存在的关键。这里的central表达的是“重要、关键”的意思。

  76.D此题考查固定搭配look for(寻找)。

  77.A此题考查上下文理解。一般来说,应寻找与自己十分相似的人做朋友。因此,这里选择most。

  78.B这里考查定语从句的关系代词。要做对此题,关键是对many的理解。此处,many是名词,指代“很多人”,后跟一定语从句,指人的关系代词则为who。译文为:读者找朋友的范围不仅局限于和自己很像的人,而且还包括不同肤色、宗教和种族背景的人。

  79.A此处考查词义辨析。从数据得出的应该是“结论”,故选conclusion。其他选项意思是:B总结;C.决定;D.主张。

  80.B这里考查上下文衔接。译文为:从数据中得出的最重要的结论不是我们已经发现的,而是我们尚未发现的。这和前文形成意义上的转折,选择however。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  语篇理解64,66,70,71,77

  词义辨析67,68,73,74,79

  固定搭配62,65,69,76

  介词61,63,72

  普通词汇75

  连词80

  定语从句78

  小结:

  根据考查知识点的分布情况,这篇完型填空整个题目的设计是比较全面的,明显的上下文理解占25%,与词汇相关题目占30%,固定搭配20%,其他部分占25%,而且也涉及到了一个语法结构:定语从句。考生们需要注意这样一个比例和必考的项目,并针对它们进行有效的复习。

  2002年1月

  One summer night, on my way home from work I decided to see a movie. I knew the theatre would be airconditioned and I couldn’t face my 71 apartment. Sitting in the theatre I had to look through the 72 between the two tall heads in front of me. I had to keep changing the 73 every time she leaned over to talk to him, 74 he leaned over to kiss her. Why do Americans display such 75 in a public place? I thought the movie would be good for my English, but 76 it turned out, it was an Italian movie. 77 about an hour I decided to give up on the movie and 78 on my popcorn ( 爆玉米花 ). I’ve never understood why they give you so much popcorn! It tasted pretty good, 79.

  After a while I heard 80 more of the romanticsounding Italians. I just heard the 81 of the popcorn crunching ( 咀嚼 ) between my teeth. My thought started to 82. I remembered when I was in South Korea (韩国 ), I 83 to watch Kojak on TV frequently. He spoke perfect Korean—I was really amazed. He seemed like a good friend to me, 84 I saw him again in New York speaking 85 English instead of perfect Korean. He didn’t even have a Korean accent and I 86 like I had been betrayed.

  When our family moved to the United States six years ago, none of us spoke any English. 87 we had begun to learn a few words, my mother suggested that we all should speak English at home. Everyone agreed, but our house became very 88 and we all seemed to avoid each other. We sat at the dinner table in silence, preferring that to 89 in a difficult language. Mother tried to say something in English but it 90 out all wrong and we all burst into laughter and decided to forget it! We’ve been speaking Korean at home ever since.

  71.A.warm   B. hot C. heated    D. cool

  72.A.crack   B. blank  C. break    D. opening

  73.A.aspect   B. view C. space    D. angle

  74.A.while    B. wheneverC. or      D. and

  75.A.attraction B. attention C. affection   D. motion

  76.A.since   B. when C. what     D. as

  77.A.Within B. After  C. For     D. Over

  78.A.concentrate B. chew C. fix     D. taste

  79.A.too     B. still C. though   D. certainly

  80.A.much   B. any C. no     D. few

  81.A.voice   B. sound C. rhythm    D. tone

  82.A.wonder  B. wander C. imagine    D. depart

  83.A.enjoyed  B. happened C. turned    D. used

  84.A.until    B. because C. then    D. therefore

  85.A.artificial  B. informal C. perfect    D. practical

  86.A.felt     B. looked  C. seemed   D. appeared

  87.A.While   B. If  C. Before    D. Once

  88.A.empty   B. quiet  C. stiff     D. calm

  89.A.telling   B. uttering  C. saying    D. speaking

  90.A.worked  B. gotC. came    D. made
71.B72.D73.D74.C75.C

  76.D77.B78.A79.C80.C

  81.B82.B83.D84.A85.B86.A87.D88.B89.D90.C

  【答案解析】:

  71.B 本题考查考生理解能力。在夏天,公寓里没有空调,所以应该很热。故答案为hot。

  72.D crack指“裂缝”, blank指“空白”, break指“破裂,休息”, opening指“空缺,口子”。这里指通过两个人头之间的空隙来看电影,应该用opening。

  73.D 这里考查词汇和理解。原文表示前面人头位置一变,自己就要改变角度看电影。A指“方面”,B指“视野”,C指“空间”。因此,应该选择D.angle。

  74.C 联系上题,“男的侧身过去与女的说话”与“女的侧身吻男的”两者之间应该是选择关系,所以答案为or。

  75.C 本题是对上文中男女两人的所作所为的描写,作者不明白为什么美国人那么喜欢在公开场合展示情人间的亲密。只有C指两个人之间的亲密。

  76.D 这里不是状语从句,而是定语从句,表示“正如接着自己所看到的一样”,具有此功能和意义的是as。

  77.B 从时间关系上来看,作者是看了一个小时后才决定放弃电影的,所以答案为after。

  78.A 本题考查固定搭配concentrate on,表明作者放弃看电影,而开始专心吃爆米花。B chew on指思考某事情。

  79.C It tasted pretty good与上文的I’ve never understood why they give you so much popcorn之间应该是转折关系,所以答案为though。

  80.C 从下文只能听到嚼玉米花的声音判断本题答案为no,表示听不到电影中的浪漫声音。

  81.B 参照上题,嚼玉米花的声音应该用sound表达。

  82.B 从下文中自己所想可以判断这里表示自己的思绪开始游荡,能表达此含义的是wander。wonder表示“诧异,纳闷”,depart表示“离开”,imagine表示想象,都与上下文不符。

  83.D 叙述自己过去的事情,又表示经常性行为,应该用used to。

  84.A 从下文的betray可以判断,在作者发现Kojak说得一口流利的英文之前一直把对方当作朋友,四个选项中能表示“到某时为止就不……”的是until。

  85.B 参照上文,这里表示作者所喜欢的Kojak到美国之后不再说韩语,而学说英语。与perfect语言相对的应该是不正规语言,应该是informal,其他artificial(人工的,假的)、practical(实际的)都与perfect不对立。

  86.A 本题考查的是固定搭配feel like,表示自己看到这种情况的感觉。

  87.D 本题答案为once,表示“我们一开始学习英语,母亲就提出了一个建议,建议我们在家里都说英语”。

  88.B 此处考查上下文理解。从we all seemed to avoid each other 与we sat at the dinner table in silence来看,答案应该是quiet,即“屋里十分安静,大家都避免和对方说话”。

  89.D 此处考查固定搭配和词汇。prefer A to B表示相较于B,更喜欢A。而从各选项来看,可以判断答案为speaking,其他都要带宾语。

  90.C 原句表示:“母亲试着说点英语,结果是错误百出,我们都禁不住发笑。”work out表示“解决,设计出,计算出”, come out表示“出来,出现,真相大白”,get out表示“逃脱,离开”,make out表示“填写,理解,辨认出”。四个短语,能表达结果含义的是come out。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  词义辨析71,72,81,85,88,89

  普通词汇73,75,78,82

  连词74,79,84,87

  固定搭配83, 86,90

  语篇理解77,80

  定语从句76

  小结:

  根据上表可知,这篇完型填空侧重考查词汇和固定搭配,两者共占了65%。词汇里包括常考词:opening,crack,aspect,angle,affection,chew,rhythm和wonder,固定搭配分别是:used to(过去经常),feel like(觉得……),come out(结果是……)。

  另外,连词考的相当多,分别是:or,though,until,once。语法结构上考了as作为关系代词的定语从句,这种定语从句比较少见,考生要多加注意。


 2003年1月

  A language is a signaling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds (语声), and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.

  Let’s look at this 61 in more detail because it is language, more than anything else, 62 distinguishes man from the rest of the 63 world.

  Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by 64 of cries: for example, many birds utter 65 calls at the approach of danger; monkeys utter 66 cries, such as expressions of anger, fear and pleasure. 67 these various means of communication differ in important ways 68 human language. For instance, animals’ cries do not 69 thoughts and feelings clearly. This means, basically, that they lack structure. They lack the kind of structure that 70 us to divide a human utterance into 71.

  We can change an utterance by 72 one word in it with 73: a good illustration of this is a soldier who can say, e.g., “tanks approaching from the north”, 74 who can change one word and say “aircraft approaching from the north” or “tanks approaching from the west”; but a bird has a single alarm cry, 75 means “danger!”

  This is why the number of 76 that an animal can make is very limited: the great tit (山雀) is a case 77 point; it has about twenty different calls, 78 in human language the number of possible utterances is 79. It also explains why animal cries are very 80 in meaning.

  61.A.classification B. definitionC.functionD.perception

  62.A.that B. itC.asD.what

  63.A.native B. humanC. physicalD. animal

  64.A.ways B. meansC. methodsD. approaches

  65.A.mating B. excitingC. warningD. boring

  66.A.identical B. similarC. differentD. unfamiliar

  67.A.But B.ThereforeC. AfterwardsD. Furthermore

  68.A.about B. withC. fromD. in

  69.A.infer B. explainC. interpretD. express

  70.A. encourages B. enablesC. enforcesD. ensures

  71.A.speeches B. soundsC. wordsD.voices

  72.A. replacingB. spellingC. pronouncingD.saying

  73.A.ours B. theirsC. anotherD. others

  74.A.so B. andC. butD.or

  75.A.this B.thatC.whichD.it

  76.A.signs B.gesturesC.signalsD.marks

  77.A.in B.atC. ofD.for

  78.A.whereas B. sinceC. anyhowD.somehow

  79.A.boundless B. changeableC. limitlessD. ceaseless

  80.A.ordinary B. alikeC. commonD. general

  【答案】:

  61.B62.C63.C64.B65.C

  66.C67.A68.C69.D70.B

  71.C72.A73.C74.B75.C

  76.C77.A78.A79.C80.B

  【答案解析】:

  61.B 此题考查普通词汇。上文给出的明显是语言的定义,因此,答案选definition。

  62.C 此题考查的语法点是定语从句。从空缺前的逗号可以推断出,这是个非限定性定语从句,四个选项中,能作为非限定性定语从句的关系代词的只有as,表达“正如语言将人类和其他物质区分开来的一样。”

  63.C 此题考查上下文理解。语言将人和物质世界的其他物质区分开来。

  64.B 此处考查固定搭配,by means of表示“通过……方式或途径”。因此,选B。

  65.C 此处考查词汇和上下文理解,在危险来临之际,鸟儿们发出的应该是警告声。故选warning。

  66.C 从后文可得知,猴子能通过声音表达愤怒、恐惧和高兴。由此推断可知,猴子发出的叫声应该是不同的。故选C。

  67.A 此处考查介词及上下文理解,作者旨在拿动物发出的声音和人类的语言进行比较。前文叙述动物也能发出不同的声音,这里说的是动物的交流方式与人类语言在几个重大的方面是不同,前后文为转折关系。故选but。

  68.C 此处考查固定搭配:differ from(与……不同)。
69.D infer表示“推断”,explain指“解释”,interpret表示“解释、说明”。这里选express(表达)最符合文意。

  70.B 见71题。

  71.C 这两题放在一起来分析。原文意思应是:“人类拥有能把话语细分成单词的某种结构,而动物却没有。”70题的encourage(勇敢),enforce(强迫),ensure(保证)都不符合题意。而71题,比话语更小的单位应该是words。故此题选C。

  72.A 此题考查上下文理解。下文举例说明的部分提到将一句话的某个词换成另外的词,由此推断可知,此处选择replace(代替)。

  73.C 表达用另一个词代替,用another。

  74.B 此题考查上下文理解,会说一句话和能够把这句话里的某个单词用别的词替换,这之间表达的应是一种并列关系。故选B。

  75.C 此题考查非限定性定语从句,必须用which。

  76.C 动物发出的声音不能形容为“标记”、“记号”或是“手势”,因此,只有signal信号才是正确选择。

  77.A 此处考查固定搭配。in point指“适用的,相关的”

  78.A 作者将山雀能发出20种叫声与人类语言能发出更多的声音相比较,这里应该选择转折连词:whereas(然而)。

  79.C 参照上题,此处将人能发出的声音数量与动物进行比较。boundless(无界限的),changeable(多变的),ceaseless(不停歇的),因此,正确选项是C。

  80.B 根据上文,动物只能发出有限的声音,那它们的叫声显然只能是相似的了。因此,B是正确答案。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  词义辨析66,69,70,72,76,79

  固定搭配64,68,77

  语篇理解63,73,80

  连词67,74,78

  普通词汇61,65

  定语从句75

  小结:

  从以上这几个表格可以总结,近几年的大学英语四级考试的完型填空部分重点考查词汇,其次是固定搭配,然后是某些常用连词和介词的用法,最后可能涉及某一个语法结构,而定语从句的关系代词又是最常考的。

  而这次考查的固定搭配是:by means of(以……的方式),differ from(与……不同)和in point(相关的)。连词包括:but,and,whereas,其中以表达转折的连词考的居多。

  2004年1月

  It’s an annual backtoschool routine. One morning you wave goodbye, and that 71 evening you’re burning the latenight oil in sympathy. In the race to improve educational standards, 72 are throwing the books at kids. 73 elementary school students are complaining of homework 74. What’s a wellmeaning parent to do?

  As hard as 75 may be, sit back and chill, experts advise. Though you’ve got to get them to do it, 76 helping too much, or even examining 77 too carefully, you may keep them 78 doing it by themselves. “I wouldn’t advise a parent to check every 79 assignment,” says psychologist John Rosemond, author of Ending the Tough Homework. “There’s a 80 of appreciation for trial and error. Let your children 81 the grade they deserve.”

  Many experts believe parents should gently look over the work of younger children and ask them to rethink their 82. But “you don’t want them to feel it has to be 83,” she says.

  That’s not to say parents should 84 homework—first, they should monitor how much homework their kids 85. Thirty minutes a day in the early elementary years and an hour in 86 four, five, and six is standard, says Rosemond. For juniorhigh students it should be “ 87 more than an hour and a half,” and two for highschool students. If your child 88 has more homework than this, you may want to check 89 other parents and then talk to the teacher about 90 assignment.

  71.A.very B. exactC. rightD. usual

  72.A.officials B. parentsC. expertsD. schools

  73.A.Also B. EvenC. ThenD. However

  74.A.fatigue B. confusionC. dutyD. puzzle

  75.A.there B. weC. theyD. it

  76.A.via B. underC. byD. for

  77.A.questions B. answersC. standardsD. rules

  78.A.off B. withoutC. beyondD. from

  79.A.single B. pieceC. pageD. other

  80.A.drop B. shortC. cutD. lack

  81.A.acquire B. earnC. gatherD. reach

  82.A.exercises B. defectsC. mistakesD. tests

  83.A.perfect B. betterC. unusualD. complete

  84.A.forget B. refuseC. missD. ignore

  85.A.have B. prepareC. makeD. perform

  86.A.classes B. groupsC. gradesD. terms

  87.A.about B. noC. muchD. few

  88.A.previously B. rarelyC. merelyD. consistently

  89.A.with B. inC. outD. up

  90.A.finishing B. loweringC. reducingD. declining
【答案】:

  71.A72.D73.B74.A75.D

  76.C77.B78.D79.A80.D

  81.B82.C83.A84.D85.A

  86.C87.B88.D89.A90.C

  【答案解析】:

  71.A 早上刚说完再见,当天晚上就可怜兮兮的秉烛夜读。表示“完全的、正是”的概念,用very。

  72.D 此题答案在下文中,小学生们抱怨作业太多,那此题当然选school学校布置的作业太多了。

  73.B 这一句和上文应该是递进关系,学校的作业多,甚至连小学生也开始抱怨了。因此,此题选even。

  74.A A答案fatigue意思是疲劳。根据上文,因为作业量太大,学生抱怨这么做带来的疲劳。

  75.D 这个固定搭配里的it是形式主语,代替后文的sit back and chill。原文表示:“虽然很难做到,但是专家还是建议家长不要采取行动,冷静点”。故选D。

  76.C 这里的you指家长,them指孩子。表达“以何种方式来让孩子做作业”,用介词by。

  77.B 家长帮助孩子做作业的一个方法就是检查孩子作业的答案是否正确。因此,此题选择B answers。

  78.D 此题考查上下文理解和固定搭配:keep sb. from doing sth.表达的是“不让某人做某事”。家长如果在孩子功课的问题上帮的太多的话,就不能养成孩子独立完成作业的能力了。

  79.A 能够用来形容assignment的词只有A和B选项,但piece后一般应加上“of”才能修饰名词。故single完全符合题意。

  80.D 此处考查上下文理解。由于父母给予孩子的帮助太多,因而缺乏对于尝试和犯错的一种欣赏。根据此意,答案应选D.lack。

  81.B 从上文可得知,孩子们应该去挣他们应得的成绩。和挣学分一样,成绩也是挣来的。因此,选择earn。而acquire指通过努力获得知识和能力。

  82.C 家长检查孩子的作业时让孩子们重新考虑的是什么呢?从四个选项来看,重新考虑错误之处mistake才是比较符合逻辑的。

  83.A 这里考察上下文理解,虽然家长要孩子们重新考虑他们作业中的错误之处,但这并不代表要使孩子们达到完美的标准。符合逻辑的只有perfect。

  84.D 此处考查词汇和上下文理解。虽然家长对孩子们的作业不能过分苛求,但也不能忽视作业。forget(忘记),refuse(拒绝),miss(错过)都不符合逻辑。

  85.A 这里考查前后搭配have homework,故选A。

  86.C “小学的前几年每天应花三十分钟写作业,而四、五、六年级应以每天一小时为标准。”“班级”、“群体”、“学期”显然不符合逻辑。

  87.B 说完小学生,这里作者提到中学生。no more than在这里表示“不超过”,指中学应以一个半小时的标准来布置作业。

  88.D 后文提到要和其他家长甚至是老师来沟通孩子作业量的问题,那么这里肯定表示孩子的作业量超标了。previously(之前地)、rarely(极少地)、merely(仅仅地)都不符合文意,只有consistently(一直以来地、一贯地)才表明作业量超标问题的严重性。

  89.A 表达“和其他家长一起检查作业”用with。

  90.C 这里空缺意思是“减少”,B、C、D三项都有“减少”之意,但lowering指降低某数字、价格或程度,declining表示降低,后不接宾语。故选C。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  语篇理解72,77,80,82,83,86

  词义辨析71,81,84,90

  固定搭配75,78,85,87

  普通词汇74,88

  介词76,89

  连词73

  形容词79
小结:

  依据上表,考查的词汇包括officials,fatigue,puzzle,confusion,acquire,earn,defects和mistakes等等;固定搭配是:keep sb. from doing sth.,no more than,as hard as it may be等等。

  这次的完型填空除了依然把词汇列为考查重点,加重了语篇理解,也就是利用前后文得出答案的题量。考生们要注意这一点有可能成为今后完型填空考查内容的一个新趋势。

  2004年6月

  Historians tend to tell the same joke when they are describing history education in America. It’s the one 61 the teacher standing in the schoolroom door 62 goodbye to students for the summer and calling 63 them, “By the way, we won World War II.”

  The problem with the joke, of course, is that it’s 64 funny. The recent surveys on 65 illiteracy (无知) are beginning to numb (令人震惊): nearly one third of American 17yearolds cannot even 66 which countries the United States 67 against in that war. One third have no 68 when the Declaration of Independence was 69. One third thought Columbus reached the New World after 1750. Two thirds cannot correctly 70 the Civil War between 1850 and 1900. 71 when they get the answers right, some are 72 guessing.

  Unlike math or science, ignorance of history cannot be 73 connected to loss of international 74. But it does affect our future 75 a democratic nation and as individuals.

  The 76 news is that there is growing agreement 77 what is wrong with the 78 of history and what needs to be 79 to fix it. The steps are tentative (尝试性) 80 yet to be felt in most classrooms.

  61.A.aboutB. inC. forD. by

  62.A.shakingB. wavingC. noddingD. speaking

  63.A.inB. afterC. forD. up

  64.A.rarelyB. soC. tooD. not

  65.A.historicalB. educationalC. culturalD. political

  66.A.distinguishB. acknowledgeC. identifyD. convey

  67.A.defeatedB. attackedC. foughtD. struck

  68.A.sense B. doubtC. reasonD. idea

  69.A.printed B. signedC. markedD. edited

  70.A.place B. judgeC. getD. lock

  71.A.Even B. ThoughC. ThusD. So

  72.A.hardly B. justC. stillD. ever

  73.A.exclusively B. practicallyC. shortlyD. directly

  74.A.competitiveness B. comprehension

  C. communityD. commitment

  75.A.of B. forC. withD. as

  76.A.fine B. niceC. surprisingD. good

  77.A.toB. withC. onD. of

  78.A. consulting B. coachingC. teachingD. instructing

  79.A. done B. dealtC. metD. reached

  80.A. therefore B. orC. andD. as

  【答案】:

  61.A62.B63.B64.D65.A

  66.C67.C68.D69.B70.B

  71.A72.B73.D74.C75. D

  76.D77.C78.C79.A80.B.
【答案解析】:

  61.A it指代的是历史学家们所说的笑话,接下来的便是笑话的内容。引出内容的介词是about,故选A。

  62.B 此题考查词汇和上下文理解:老师站在校门口对学生挥别,所以,此处选waving(挥手),而不能选shaking(握手)或nodding(点头),speaking后面一般不接宾语。

  63.B 此题考查词组。四个选项分别和call组成四个词组:call in(来访),call after(追喊), call for(号召、提倡),call up(提出、召唤)。

  64.D 从下文看出,现在的美国年轻人对于本国的历史十分无知。由此推断,这个笑话是一点儿也不好笑的。因此,选D。

  65.A 文章以历史学家讲的一个笑话开头,这里的调查则应该是针对历史的无知程度展开的。故选A historical。

  66.C 此题与67题一起分析。首先来看67题,这个空缺在定语从句which countries the United Statesagainst in that war中充当谓语,四个选项中,不难得出,fought against这个固定搭配表示“与……战斗”是正确答案。再回到66题,此题考查的是考生的词汇:distinguish(区分、辨认),acknowledge(承认),“identify”(确认、认出),convey(传达),根据意思,这里应选择C identify。

  67.C 参照66题。

  68.D 此题考查固定搭配have no idea about(对……一无所知),其中的about省略。

  69.B the Declaration of Independence指的是“独立宣言”。原文意为:“三分之一的人对于《独立宣言》是何时签署的一无所知。”因此,答案为signed(签署)。

  70.B 此题考查对原文理解:“三分之二的人不能正确评价内战”。选项中,只有judge具有“评价”的意思。

  71.A 从此句后半部分可以推出,就算选对了答案,有些人也是猜的。四个选项中最符合逻辑的是A答案Even(甚至),表示递进关系。

  72.B just表示“仅仅、只是”,表达的是被调查者猜题时的不重视心态。

  73.D 此题考查上下文理解,原文意思是“忽视历史不像忽视数学或科学那样与国际的损失相关。”之所以容易忽视历史,是因为历史的重要性并不如数学或科学那么明显,它的作用是间接的。四个选项:exclusively(专门地),practically(实际上地),shortly(短暂地),directly(直接地),其中,directly符合题意。

  74.C international community(国际社区)是近年来广泛提倡的概念。

  75.D 本句后半部分出现了as,与之并列,这里也选D。

  76.D 由后文“达成一致”可得知,这里的消息应是“好消息”,用good news表示。故选D答案。

  77.C 此题考查介词用法。“在……上达成一致”,介词用on。

  78.C 文中提到关于历史知识的调查是在青少年中进行的,由此可知,他们对历史几乎处于无知状态的原因是与历史教学分不开的。到底历史教学出了什么问题呢?这里选teaching。

  79.A 表示“应该做些什么”用what needs to be done。因此选A。

  80.B 原文意思是:“虽然这些措施是尝试性的,但还是要在大多数课堂上实施。”表示“还是”只有选项B or。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  语篇理解62,64,65,73,76

  固定搭配63,67,68,75

  词义辨析66,69,79

  介词61,77,

  连词71,80

  普通词汇70

  社会背景,普通常识74

  小结:

  依据上表,对于语篇理解的考查越来越频繁,而且完型填空中词汇与语篇理解结合得也越来越紧密。仅明显的语篇理解就占了总知识点的25%,再仔细分析其他各题,对于词汇意义的掌握和对于上下文理解的加强达到了前所未有的高度,固定搭配一眼可辨的明显程度也大大降低。

  值得一提的是,这篇完型填空出现了考查社会背景及普通常识的international community(国际社区)。这对考生是否具有广阔的知识面是个很大的考验。
2005年1月

  Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The 61 you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually 62 your money or can add 63 the cost.

  Take the 64 example of a hairdryer. If you are buying a hairdryer, you might 65 that you are making the 66 buy if you choose one 67 look you like and which is also the cheapest 68 price. But when you get it home you may find that it 69 twice as long as a more expensive 70 to dry your hair. The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well 71 your hairdryer the most expensive one of all.

  So what principles should you 72 when you go out shopping?

  If you 73 your home, your car or any valuable 74 in excellent condition, you’ll be saving money in the long 75.

  Before you buy a new 76, talk to someone who owns one. If you can, use it or borrow it to check if it suits your particular 77.

  Before you buy an expensive 78, or a service, do check the price and 79 is on offer. If possible, choose 80 three items or three estimates.

  61.A. formB. fashionC. wayD. method

  62.A. saveB. preserveC. raiseD. retain

  63.A. upB. toC. inD. on

  64.A. easyB. singleC. simpleD. similar

  65.A. convinceB. acceptC. examineD. think

  66.A. properB. bestC. reasonableD. most

  67.A. itsB. whichC. whoseD. what

  68.A. forB. withC. inD. on

  69.A. spendsB. takesC. lastsD. consumes

  70.A. modeB. copyC. sampleD. model

  71.A. causeB. makeC. leaveD. prove

  72.A. adoptB. layC. stickD. adapt

  73.A. reserveB. decorateC. storeD. keep

  74.A. productsB. possessionC. materialD. ownership

  75.A. runB. intervalC. periodD. time

  76.A. applianceB. equipmentC. utilityD. facility

  77.A. functionB. purposeC. goalD. task

  78.A. componentB. elementC. itemD. particle

  79.A. whatB. whichC. thatD. this

  80.A. ofB. inC. byD. from

  【答案】:

  61.C62.A63.B64.C65.D

  66.B67.C68.C69.B70.D

  71.B72.A73.D74.B75.A

  76.A77.B78.C79.A80.D

  【答案解析】:

  61.C本篇讲述了明智的购物方式可以让钱发挥更大的作用。此题前一句提到了一种正确的消费方式,这一空必须对前文进行呼应,因此,也选择C way。

  62.A不同的购买方式既可以让你省钱,也可以让你增加开销。save(节省、节约),preserve(保留),raise(提高、增加),retain(保留、保持),从四个选项的词义来看,“省钱”用save money来表达。故选A。

  63.B参照上题,62题和63题之间是用or连接的,所以63题应该填“省钱”的相反意义。此处,“增加花销”的固定搭配是add to。故选B

  64.C结合四个选项,不难推出,作者意欲通过一个简单的例子来说明这个观点。故选择simple,而easy(容易的)修饰example表达的意思不合逻辑。

  65.D参照下题。

  66.B65题可以搁置一边,先考虑以下几题。先看that所带宾语从句中if引导的条件状语从句。经过句子结构分析后,67空后的look是名词,意思是“样子或式样”,由此推知,67空应该是一个形容词性的疑问代词,选whose。再来看68题,表达“价格最便宜”的意思,“在……方面”用介词in。此时,再回到66题,不难推出,作者指,如果买的吹风机是自己喜欢的,价格又是最便宜的,那么你可能认为自己做出的选择是“最好的”。因此,66题选best。这几题都得出正确答案后,65题就非常容易,应选择think(认为)。convince此处应用something be convinced that的句型,形式应为被动;其他几个选项意义都不符合。

  67.C 参照66题。

  68.C 参照66题。
69.B 作者假设在这个例子中购买了一个既便宜又好看的吹风机,哪知拿回去用起来才发现要花两倍的时间才能把头发吹干。long表示时间,主语为物且能与时间搭配的动词是take。

  70.D 参照上题,此处意为“更贵一点的(吹风机)”,该填什么呢?结合选项,mode(模式),copy(副本),sample(样品),model(型号),不难得出,D才是正确答案。

  71.B 此题考查上下文理解和词汇。四个选项意思分别为:“导致”、“使”、“留下”、“证明”。结合原文意思:“所用电费成本再加上花去的时间极可能使你买的吹风机成为最贵的一个。”此题还有考查词组make something something的用意。故答案为make。

  72.A 此处考查词组搭配。此前,作者已用一个例子阐明了不当的购物方式可能让你更浪费钱。接下来,作者要阐述的内容是,购物时所要采取的原则。故选择adopt。其他几个选项意义分别为:“放置”、“采取”(应和to搭配使用)、“调节以适用”。

  73.D分析原文,可知要填的词组是something in an excellent condition。结合四个选项,不难推知,作者表达的意思应是:“使某物保持一种出色的状态”。故,此处选择keep。reserve和store虽也有“保持”之意,但都偏“储存”方面的意思。

  74.B此题考查词汇。valuable possession指的是“珍贵财物”。选possession。

  75.A此题考查固定搭配in the long run,表示“长期”。

  76.A前文作者以吹风机为例,此处购买的新物件自然也指电器;而且其他选项都为抽象名词,不表达具体某件物品。因此,此题选择appliance(电器)。

  77.B 此时,作者提出了另一个建议,就是在购买新的电器之前,如果可能,借朋友的来先用用,看是否能满足个人的目的。此题考查的是purpose和goal的区别,前者表示“目的、意图”,后者表示“通过努力要达到的目标”,显然,此题应选择purpose。

  78.C 此题主要考查词汇。component、element、item、particle的意思分别是:“配件”、“元素”、“商品”和“粒子”,结合原文意思,答案应为item。

  79.A 此处考查宾语从句,而经分析得知,空缺的关系代词在宾语从句中担当主语。因此,符合此条件的是what。此外,on offer的意思是“特价”。

  80.D 此题考查固定搭配:choose from表示“从……中选择”。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  词义辨析61,64,70,71,74,77

  普通词汇62,72,76,78

  介词63,68,80

  固定搭配73,75

  语篇理解65,66,

  定语从句67

  语法结构69

  宾语从句79

  小结:

  与词汇相关的考试内容依然占据了超过50%的份额,其中包括了way,fashion同时表示“方式”的区别,make,leave,cause用法的区分等等。介词用法中,choose from也可视作固定搭配。固定搭配有2个,分别是:keep something in a ... condition(将某物保持在一个……的状态)和in the long run(长期看来)。

  语法结构中,考了it takes some time to do something的句型,而且定语从句首次考查了形容词性的关系词。

  2005年12月

  As a physician who travels quite a lot, I spend a lot of time on planes listening to that dreaded “Is there a doctor on board?” announcement. I’ve been 71 only once—for a woman who had merely fainted. But the 72made me quite curious about how 73 this kind of thing happens. I wondered what I would do if 74 with a real midair medical emergency—without access 75 a hospital staff and the usual emergency equipment. So 76 the New England Journal of Medicine last week 77 a study about inflight medical events, I read it 78 interest.

  The study estimated that there are a(n) 79 of 30 inflight medical emergencies on U.S. flights every day. Most of them are not 80; fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints. 81 13% of them—roughly four a day—are serious enough to 82 a pilot to change course. The most common of the serious emergencies 83 heart trouble, strokes, and difficult breathing.

  Let’s face it: plane rides are 84.For starters, cabin pressures at high altitudes are set at roughly 85 they would be if you lived at 5,000 to 8,000 feet above sea level. Most people can tolerate these pressures pretty 86, but passengers with heart disease 87 experience chest pains as result of the reduced amount of oxygen flowing through their blood. 88 common inflight problem is deep venous thrombosis—the socalled economy class syndrome (综合症). 89 happens, don’t panic. Things are getting better on the inflightemergency front. Thanks to more recent legislation, flights with at 90 one attendant are starting to install emergency medical kits to treat heart attacks.

  71.A.called B.addressedC.InformedD.surveyed

  72.A.Accident B.conditionC.incidentD.disaster

  73.A.soon B.longC.manyD.often

  74.A.confronted B.treatedC.identifiedD.provided

  75.A.for B.toC.byD.through

  76.A.before B.sinceC.whenD.while

  77.A.collected B.conductedC.discoveredD.published

  78.A.by B.ofC.withD.in

  79.A.amount B.averageC.sumD.number

  80A.significant B.heavyC.commonD.serious

  81.A.For B.OnC.ButD.So

  82.A.require B.inspireC.engageD.command

  83.A.include B.confineC.implyD.contain

  84.A.enjoyable B.stimulatingC.tediousD.stressful

  85.A.who B.whatC.whichD.that

  86.A.harshly B.reluctantlyC.easilyD.casually

  87.A.ought to B.mayC.used toD.need

  88.A.Any B.OneC.OtherD.Another

  89.A.Whatever B.WhicheverC.WheneverD.Wherever

  90.A.most B.worstC.leastD.best
71.A72.A73.D74.A75.B

  76.C77.D78.C79.B80.D

  81.C82.A83.A84.D85.B

  86.C87.B88.D89.A90.C

  【答案解析】:

  71.A call有召唤、召集之意。在飞机上有人生病了,就要call a doctor。其他几个选项,address指“称呼某人”,inform是“告诉”的意思,而survey则指“调查”,都不符合文意。

  72.A 此题考查词汇和上下文理解。飞机上有人突然晕倒是一件突发事件,即事故,所以,此题选择accident。incident指“事件”,disaster指“灾难”,用在这里,言过其实。

  73.D 此题考查上下文理解。这种事情发生的频率到底有多高呢?作者感到很好奇。四个选项中,只有how often连起来表示频率。故选D。

  74.A 此题考查词汇和上下文理解。经观察,四个选项都加了“ed”表示被动语态。A、B、C、D选项的意思分别是“面对”、“对待”、“识别”、“假设”。作者由文章开头的小事故联想到如果真在半空中遇到严重的医疗事故,那自己将怎样面对。根据文意,此处应选confronted。

  75.B 此处考查词组的固定搭配access to——“有权使用、接近”。作者想知道在没有医院医护人员和紧急医疗设备的情况下如何应对突发医疗事故。

  76.C 此题考查上下文连接。文意表达的是:“当上周的医疗周刊登出了关于机上医疗事件的研究时,我怀着巨大的兴趣去读了。”所以,这里选when。

  77.D 参照上文,“周刊”最可能发出的动作应该是“出版”。故选published。

  78.C 本题要表达“带着兴趣”,伴随用with。

  79.B 此处考查上下文理解。作者查出了美国平均每天机上突发医疗事件的次数,而数据统计一般都会用平均数字来说明问题。所以,这里选average。其他选项,a sum of、an amount of、a number of分别表示“一笔”、“一些”(后加不可数名词)、“一些”(后加可数名词)。

  80.D 病痛严重与否用serious表达。所以,这里选serious。

  81.C 此处答案需从后文查找。能使飞行员改变航道的病与轻微的晕厥进行对比,所以这里的连词是but。

  82.A 此处重点考查词汇的细微区别。inspire(鼓舞)和encourage(鼓励)显然不符合要求;require(要求)常用于按照规定、惯例、环境等提出的要求去做某事;command(命令)多指上级对下级或某人有权力命令某人做某事。根据原文的意思,机上有重病患者,这种情况要求飞行员改变航向,挽救生命。因此,选择D答案。

  83.A 作者在此处举例说明了什么病是严重的突发病。这里的空缺结合选项可知,表达“包括”的概念。contain指“容纳、包含”,只有include最符合题意。

  84.D 此题考查上下文理解。四个选项意思是:enjoyable(轻松愉快的)、stimulating(刺激的)、tedious(乏味的)、stressful(压力大的)。从下文可知,飞机要飞到海拔5000-8000英尺,这个过程并不是轻松愉快的,既能引发病痛,也绝不是乏味的这样简单,所以,这里要选择stressful。

  85.B此处考查疑问代词。原文意思为:“对于初乘航班者,高空里机舱压力相当于生活在海拔5000-8000英尺高度的气压。”what 指代 pressures,故选B。

  86.C 此题考查上下文理解和词汇。从下文可知,此处与有心脏病的乘客乘坐飞机进行对比。意即,大多数健康的人能轻松应付。选择easily。

  87.B 参照上文。由于此文是一个客观描述,所以,心脏病患者乘客在缺氧情况下应该“可以/可能感到胸痛”。选may。

  88.D 前文中提到chest pains,所以这里应该用另外一种(another),故选D。

  89.A 选A——无论发生什么。

  90.C 此题考查固定搭配at least。

  知识点分布情况表

  考查知识点题号

  词义辨析71,72,77,79,80,82,83,86

  固定搭配73,75,90

  普通词汇74,84

  语篇理解87,88

  疑问代词85,89

  连词76,81

  介词78

  小结:

  这篇完型填空的知识点分布与前几篇保持了基本一致,只在实词词汇和固定搭配(how often,access to,at least)以外的知识点中增加了两个疑问代词的用法,分别是what和whatever。

 
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