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英语四级阅读冲刺倒计时
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    “It hurts me more than you,” and “This is for your own good.” These are the statements my mother used to make years age when I had to learn Latin, clean my room, stay home and do homework.

  That was before we entered the permissive period in education in which we decided it was all right not to push our children to achieve their best in school.

  The schools and the educators made it easy on us. They taught that it was all right to be parents who take a let-alone policy. We stopped making our children do homework. We gave them calculators, turned on the television, left the teaching to the teachers and went on vacation.

  Now teachers, faced with children who have been developing at their pace for the past 15 years, are realizing we’ve made a terrible mistake. One such teacher is Sharon Klompus who says of her students ----- “so passive” ----- and wonders what happened. Nothing was demanded of them, she believes. Television, says Klompus, contributes to children’s passivity; “We’re not training kids to work any more.” says Klompus. “We’re talking about a generation of kids who’ve never been hurt or hungry. They have learned somebody will always do it for them. Instead of saying go look it up, you tell them the answer. It takes greater energy to say no to a kid.”

  Yes, it does. It takes energy and it takes work. It’s time for parents to end their vacation and come back to work. It’s time to take the car away, to turn the TV off, to tell them it hurts you more than them but it’s for their own good, It’s time start telling them no again.

  1. By “permissive period of education” the author means an age ______.

  A) when young children are denied admittance to grade schools

  B) when vocational subjects are taught in schools

  C) when children are entitled to adult education

  D) when children are permitted to act of their own free will

  2. We learn from the passage that the author’s mother used to attach importance to _____

  A) discipline

  B) creativity

  C) school education

  D) individual work

  3 According to the passage, children are growing inactive in study mainly because _____.

  A) they watch TV too often

  B) their parents leave them alone

  C) their teachers are strict with them

  D) they tale on too many duties

4. To today’s kids as described in this passage,_____.

  A) it is easier to give a negative reply than to give a positive reply

  B) it is easier to give a positive reply than to give a negative reply

  C) neither is easy ------ to say yes or to say no

  D) neither is no easy job -------- to say yes or to say no

  5. The main idea of this passage is that _____.

  A) parents should set a good example for their kids

  B) kids should have more activities outside campus

  C) educators should not he so permissive

  D) it is time to be strict with our children

  DAABD

Unions are organizations of workers that bargain with employers for economic and job benefits. They exist to create political and economic power against private management and the government to achieve their goals.

  These goals are primarily higher wages, better working conditions, and job security. The arrangements made to achieve these goals are usually complex in their social and psychological detail.

  Union movements occurred in the latter years of the 1700s in the US. Carpenters, printers, and shoemakers formed organizations as early as 1791 in Philadelphia, Boston, and New York. These arose largely over economic conflicts between workers and employers when rapid changes in a young developing country began to break down the familiar methods of production and the close ties between worker and employer.

  A long, hard drive for legalization of union followed. Unions fought with companies and unsympathetic courts for legitimacy and status. Unions were seen as a threat to free enterprise and private property, and therefore to political and economic stability. They were also considered radical, and companies resisted them vigorously. Violence was frequent on both sides. The government at times moved in state police to suppress the more fierce conflicts. Union workers themselves often punishes other workers who did not support their polices.

  Unions in the US have always maintained a practical direction. They have not adopted radical ideologies or unrealistic goals. A major force in union organizing in the early part of the century. Samuel Gompers, took a practical approach. He was for “bread and butter unionism” or “pure and simple unionism.” He was interested in immediate, practical gains ---- higher wages and shorter hours. He sided with no political party, only with politicians who could help.

  1. The main objective of unions as mentioned in the first paragraph is ________.

  A) to create economic and political strain to the government

  B) to make complex arrangements for their members

  C) to deal with employers for economic and job benefits

  D) to break down the ties between employer and employee

  2. Which of the following can be inferred about the purpose of a strike?

  A) To force the government to get involved.

  B) To relieve the conflicts between worker and employer.

  C) To impose financial difficulties on a company.

  D) To win court support for the worker.

  3. From the passage we learn that _____。

  A) unions adopted only an approach of violence to solving conflicts

  B) unions are intended primarily to maintain economic prosperity

  C) the government always gives vigorous support to unions during a conflict

  D) there exist conflicts even among the union members themselves

4. Unions under the leadership of Gompers differ from unions in other places in that the former are characterized by ______.

  A)their realistic goals

  B)their power and status

  C)their unique organization

  D)their immediate actions

  5. The word “legitimacy” (Line 2, Para,4) most probably means ____.

  A)role

  B)fruit

  C)status

  D)legality

  CCDAD

 As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.

  Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. In fact, it is not the bad thing it is often supposed to be. (2) A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health.

  The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose heart at the first signs of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we make choice between “fight” or “flight” and in more primitive days the choices made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it involves the same response. It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart disease have established links with stress. Since we cannot remove stress from our lives (it would be unwise to do so even if we could), we need to find ways to deal with it.

  1. What does the author want to convey in the first paragraph?

  A) People live in an era of change and mobility.

  B) People should act of their own free will.

  C) Relaxation is indispensable for sound health.

  D) Relaxation means slowing down the pace of living.

  2. Stress is generally believed _____.

  A) to be dangerous to health

  B) to give stimulation to life

  C) to be vital to good performance

  D) to lead to high responsibility

  3. According to the writer, the most important qualification for a good manager is ____.

  A) his taking control over his performance

  B) his responding to stress

  C) his knowing the art of relaxation

  D)his facing up to stress

4. The extreme crises people met in more primitive days are the choices between _____.

  A) life and death

  B) chemical reaction and physical reaction

  C) fight and flight

  D) short-term reaction and long-term reaction

  5. Which of the following is implied but NOT stated directly by the author?

  A) Intelligent people can deal with large amounts of stress.

  B) Stress will bring harm to health when it lasts long-time and gets out of control.

  C) Stress in life cannot be eliminated, but utilized appropriately can enhanced life.

  D) People are finding less time for relaxation because they are occupied with their routine businesses.

  CADAC

The medical world is gradually realizing that the quality of the environment in hospitals may play a significant role in the process of recovery from illness.

  As part of a nationwide effort in Britain to bring art out of the galleries and into public places, some of the country’s most talented artists have been called in to transform older hospitals and to soften the hard edges of modern buildings. Of the 2,500 National Health Service hospitals in Britain, almost 100 now have significant collections of contemporary art in corridors, waiting areas and treatment rooms.

  These recent initiatives owe a great deal to one artist, Peter Senior, who set up his studio at a Manchester Hospital in northeastern England during the early 1970s. He felt the artist had lost his place in modern society, and that art should be enjoyed by a wider audience.

  A typical hospital waiting room might have as many as 5,000 visitors each week. What a better place to hold regular exhibitions of art! Senior held the first exhibition of his own paintings in the outpatients waiting are of the Manchester Royal Hospital in 1975. Believed to be Britain’s first hospital artist, Senior was so much in demand that he was soon joined by a team of six young art school graduates,

  The effect is striking. Now in the corridors and waiting rooms the visitor experiences a full view of fresh colors, playful images and restful courtyards.

  The quality of the environment may reduce the need for expensive drugs when a patient is recovering from an illness. A study has shown that patients who had a view onto a garden needed half the number of strong painkillers compared with patients who had no view at all or only a brick wall to look at.

  1. The phrase “these recent initiatives” (Line 1, Para .3) in this context refers to ____.

  A) regular art exhibitions in hospitals

  B) transformations of older hospitals

  C) exhibitions of paintings in galleries

  D) establishment of studios in northeast England

  2. The writer mentions the six young art school graduates in order to show ______.

  A) visitors to hospitals are warmly received

  B) the role of the hospital environment is being recognized

  C) the contribution of Peter Senior is highly appreciated

  D) the hard edges of hospitals are being restored

  3. The aim of art exhibitions British hospitals encouraged was _____.

  A) to alter the appearance of older buildings

  B) to reduce the need for expensive drugs

  C) to appeal to a larger audience

  D) to improve the quality of the hospital environment

4. The improvement of the hospital environment seems to be effective in ______.

  A) making it unnecessary to give drugs to patients

  B) helping the modern artists regain their status in society

  C) helping patients recovering from illnesses

  D) calling in more talented artists to hospitals

  5. The writer’s attitude towards the effect of art exhibitions in hospitals is ______.

  A) suspicious

  B) positive

  C) neutral

  D) unfavorable

  ABDCB

Sporting activities are essentially forms of hunting behavior. Viewed biologically, the modern foot-baller is in reality a member of a hunting group. His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is accurate and he scores a goal, he enjoys the hunter's triumph of killing his prey.

  To understand how this transformation has taken place we must briefly look back at our forefathers. They spent over a million years evolving as cooperative hunters. Their very survival depended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure their whole way of life, even their bodies, became greatly changed.

  They became chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and prey-killers. They cooperated as skillful male-group attackers.

  Then about ten thousand years ago, after this immensely long period of hunting their food, they became farmers. Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life, was put to a new use - that of controlling and domesticating their prey. The hunt became suddenly out of date. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival.

  The skills and thirst for hunting remained, however, and demanded new outlets. Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. Instead the sportsmen set off to test their skill against preys that were no longer essential to they survival. To be sure, the kill may have been eaten but there were other simpler ways of obtaining a meaty meal.

  1. The author uses the example of the football game to tell us ____.

  A) sporting activities are forms of biological developments

  B) the difference between sports and hunting

  C) the reason why man used to go in for hunting

  D) sporting activities have actually evolved from hunting

  2. In hunting what is equivalent to a goal-mouth in football match is ____.

  A) a killing weapon

  B) a hunting field

  C) a prey

  D) a member of a hunting group

  3. According to the author, our ancestors survived as hunters for over a million years basically through their ____.

  A) common sense

  B) cooperation

  C) farming knowledge

  D) adventures

4. The world "activity"(Line 2, Para.5) refers to ____.

  A) sporting activities

  B) domesticating wild animals

  C) growing crops

  D)hunting

  5. Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of this passage?

  A) Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern men to practice hunting skills which the forefathers developed for survival.

  B) It is farming that brings human into close contact with nature.

  C) Sporting activities are vital to human existence because they excuse humans from risks and uncertainties.

  D) It is farming that makes hunting completely out of date and unnecessary.

  1. D)sporting activities have actually evolved from hunting对应原文第一句Sporting activities are essentially forms of hunting behavior.

  2. C)a prey对应原文学His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goal-mouth.

  3. B)cooperation对应原文They spent over a million years evolving as cooperative hunters.

  4. A)sporting activities. 出现地点:This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. 注意前一句Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity.

  5. A)Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern men to practice hunting skills which the forefathers developed for survival为本文主旨.

参考译文:

  追根溯源,体育运动是由狩猎活动演变而来的。从生物学的角度来讲,现代足球运动员实际上就相当于猎队中的成员,只是捕杀猎物的武器变成了没有杀伤力的足球,猎物变成了球门。如果球员射门准确,进球得分,便能享受到猎人成功捕杀猎物那一刻胜利的喜悦。

  要理解狩猎活动是如何转变为体育运动的,我们必须简略地回顾一下祖先的生活方式。100多万年以来,我们的祖先以集体狩猎为生,慢慢繁衍。他们的生死正是取决于猎场上的成败。在如此大的生存压力之下,祖先们的整个生活方式,甚至生理结构都发生了极大的改变。

  他们开始追逐、奔跑、跳跃、射击、投掷和屠宰。男人们组成猎队,运用猎术,合作狩猎。

  为了食物而狩猎的漫长岁月过去之后,大约在1万年以前,祖先们开始从事牧业。对旧时狩猎生活至关重要的智力也得以提高,并派上了新的用场-驯养猎物。一时间,狩猎变得过时了。食物就在农场上,随需随取。风险不定的狩猎对生存不再是至关重要了。

  但是,狩猎的技能和对狩猎的渴望仍然保留了下来,只是需要一些新的方式来满足这种渴望。于是现代运动代替了狩猎活动。这种新的活动涉及到古代狩猎的所有步骤,只不过活动的目的不再是为了充饥果腹,而是为了校验运动员们捕杀猎物的技能-这些猎物对他们的生存也不再必不可少。诚然,猎手会吃掉猎物,但他们有其它更为简便的方法获取美餐。

There has been a lot of unfair and biased criticism of families who welcome foreign students into their homes. I should like to tell you of my own personal experiences, which are not so different from my neighbors' experience, I might add.

  A host family is sent students by school or college and their homes are regularly inspected by the accommodation staff. If a home is below the required standard, the family is removed from the school's accommodation list. Apart from this, the host family is obliged to follow certain rules, as laid down by the school.

  The problem is that the host family cannot inspect students or refuse to accept the ones who look dirty, unreliable or noisy. And they don't seem to follow any rules at all in their behavior to the host family. We are often treated like servants or hotel staff, which is rude and bad manners.

  The fee paid to a host family only just covers the actual cost of providing meals etc. A hostess is lucky to make more than a pound or two "profit" on each student. One has to remember that she has to wash their clothes, allow them to have hot baths, pay for their lighting and the heating in their bedrooms, and cope with damage to furniture, bedding and carpets.

  Another thing is that most of them do not want to be part of the family. They prefer to be out with other students causing annoyance to local residents in the town center. They remain in their bedrooms all morning and afternoon if they can, resting before the evening so that they can go out until the early hours of the morning.

  Bedrooms like pigsties(猪圈). Food, empty bottles and waste paper all go under the bed. When taken to task the reply is invariably that they don't understand or that the school has told them they may do as they wish.

  Not only that, but we have to put up with their complaints about the food, the weather and even our TV programs. It's time foreign students were taught to be polite and to behave properly, as well as how to speak English!

  1. The author's attitude towards foreign students as mentioned in the passage is ____.

  A) critical

  B) questioning

  C) approving

  D) objective

  2. By "biased" (Line1, Para.1) the author means ____.

  A) supreme

  B) partial

  C) preferable

  D) prejudiced

  3. Which of the following is mentioned in the second paragraph?

  A) The accommodation standard is set up by the staff of a hotel

  B) A host family usually has no alternative but to accept the student assigned

  C) A student is sometimes treated rudely, like a servant

  D) A host family may reject any student candidate who looks undesirable

4. The passage tell us ____.

  A) foreign students keep good terms with their hostesses

  B) foreign students come to stay with their host families to learn English

  C) a hostess does not make much profit because she has to buy new furniture

  D) the local TV programs are very popular among foreign students

  5. The main purpose of the author in writing this passage is ____.

  A) to criticize foreign students for not sharing housework with their hostesses

  B) to suggest that a new accommodation standard be laid down

  C) to complain about the irresponsibility of foreign students

  D) to give an account of his personal experiences with foreign students

  答案及解析

  1.A) critical, 批判的、批评的. D不能搭配题干中的attitude towards foreign students, 又因本文立场明确, 故B也不对. A是完全不对.

  2.D) prejudiced, 有成见的. 出现地点:There has been a lot of unfair and biased criticism of families who welcome foreign students into their homes. 通过unfair and可推断出biased也为反面意思, 只有D是反面意思. 这几个词可以记一记.

  3.B) A host family usually has no alternative but to accept the student assigned对应原文第三段第一句The problem is that the host family cannot inspect students or refuse to accept the ones who look dirty, unreliable or noisy. 第二段和第三段亦刚好可以用来解释ACD为什么是错的。。。

  4.标准答案为B) foreign students come to stay with their host families to learn English, 怕是又错了。。。偶觉得该选C)a hostess does not make much profit because she has to buy new furniture. 首先A和D都是明显错的, B中的learn English只是最后一句有所提及, It's time foreign students were taught to be polite and to behave properly, as well as how to speak English, 但这个learn English和stay with their host families的关系并非B所讲的那样. C对应原文第四段, 最多是because后面的内容不全面, 但比ABD看起来要好。。。个人意见, 欢迎讨论。。。

  5.C)to complain about the irresponsibility of foreign students, 本文的主旨.

 
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